U.S. Cities Where People Work the Most for the Least Pay

RewardExpert analyzed data on average wages, weekly earnings, and working hours for 387 cities and metropolitan areas in the U.S. to determine in which places people work the longest hours for the least pay.


It is mere common knowledge that workers in some places earn more per hour than in others. Likewise, it is also common knowledge that, in spite of regulations capping the number of hours worked before overtime pay rules kick in, that workers in some places spend more hours at work each week. And this is not yet to point an accusing finger at employers in various locales for violating workplace overtime regulations! Where, these two factors coincide, low wages and long hours, is not common knowledge. And this is the question we set out to answer; where do people work the most for the least pay?

We analyzed the March 2018 numbers in State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings data set from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, to determine which U.S. metropolitan areas have the longest work weeks, with the lowest prevailing average wage. In the ten metropolitan areas that have ranked the worst, employees work the longest hours and are the worst compensated per hour that they have worked.

City in the sunny day

Cities Where People Work the Most For Least

Rome, GA

  • Value: 383rd
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 38.3
  • Week Length: 382nd
  • Average Hourly Wage: $19.26
  • Wages: 351st

None fare worse than the residents and workers of the Rome, Georgia metropolitan area, and even those who for some reason unbeknownst to reason, commute from elsewhere to a job in this Rome. Workers in the Rome metropolitan area work more hours in a typical workweek than 381 out of 387 cities and metropolitan areas, and earn an average hourly wage of $19.26, which compares decidedly unfavorably to the national average hourly wage of $23.81 per hour.
Principal Industries: Education, Healthcare

Warner Robins, GA

  • Value: 376th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 39.0
  • Week Length: 385th
  • Average Hourly Wage: $20.22
  • Wages: 331st

Our second-worst metropolitan area for long, poorly compensated, workweeks is one of the principal cities of the Middle Georgia region. It is a component part of the larger Macon-Warner Robins Combined Statistical Area, as defined by the Census Bureau, and is home to approximately 66,500 of the combined region’s 422,000 residents. Workers employed in Warner Robins—whose economy is anchored by the Robins Air Force Base—endure one of the three longest metro-area average workweeks in the country, working for an average of 39 hours per week. With the prevailing wages in the metropolitan area ranking 331st out of 387, with an average hourly pay rate of $20.22, Warner Robins is an area in which workers work long hours for substandard pay.
Principal Industries: Military, Creative

Owensboro, KY

  • Value: 382nd
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 37.5
  • Week Length: 371st
  • Average Hourly Wage: $18.86
  • Wages: 360th

Our third-place “winner” on our ranking of U.S. metropolitan areas in which the average area worker is paid the most petit of pittances and made to work long hours—but not long enough hours to be entitled to overtime pay— is the Ohio River city of Owensboro, Kentucky. The prevailing, average hourly wage in the Owensboro metropolitan area is a mere $18.86 per hour (across all industries), while the average workweek in the area is 37.5 hours long. Said otherwise: the average worker in Owensboro works 10 percent longer than the average U.S. worker, while he or she earns just 79.21 percent of the U.S. average hourly wage.
Principal Industries: Healthcare, Banking, Education

Mansfield, GA

  • Value: 374th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 38.0
  • Week Length: 377th
  • Average Hourly Wage: $20.48
  • Wages: 318st

As compared to third-place Owensboro, Kentucky, workers in the Mansfield, Georgia, area, which is itself part of the greater Atlanta, Georgia, area, have it a little better in one respect, while at the same time having it worse in another, albeit by a smaller margin. Mansfield-area employees work 11 percent longer than the U.S. average, which is slightly worse than in the Owensboro area. They do, however, make 86.01 percent of the national average hourly wage, which makes the value of a Mansfield’s workers’ hour of work rank slightly better than those in Owensboro, but it is hardly a badge of pride to claim 374th place for the value of an hour’s work. On the other hand, this is eight places ahead of Owensboro, Kentucky. One might say that everything counts, even in small amounts, but Mansfield has nothing about which to brag.
Principal Industries: Education, Retail

Clarksville, TN

  • Value: 384th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 36.7
  • Week Length: 358th
  • Average Hourly Wage: $18.36
  • Wages: 376th

    • Taking fifth place on our bottom ten is the metropolitan area anchored by the city of Clarksville, Tennessee, which encompassess a four-county area extending across the state line into Southwestern Kentucky, and evenly split between the two states. One of the area’s largest employers, the Fort Campbell Military Base, is likewise situated athwart the state line. While the average number of hours worked in a typical week in the Clarksville metropolitan area is somewhat lower (36.7), the average hourly wage in the region is an abysmal $18.36 per hour.
      Principal Industries: Military, Manufacturing

Hinesville, GA

  • Value: 363th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 38.0
  • Week Length: 377th
  • Average Hourly Wage: $21.15
  • Wages: 298th

    • Sixth-place Hinesville, Georgia, is located in the southeastern portion of the state, near the Atlantic Coast, sandwiched between South Carolina and Florida, and is one of the most populous cities in the region, after Savannah. Like every city and metropolitan area on our bottom ten list, the number of hours in the average workweek of those employed in the area is significantly higher than the national average. Hinesville’s average workweek is 12 percent longer than the nationwide average, while average hourly wages are $2.65 lower than the nationwide average. Coincidentally—or not—the Hinesville metropolitan area is home to a major military installation, Fort Stewart, just as Clarksville is home to Fort Campbell, and Warner Robins is home to Robins Air Force Base.
      Principal Industries: Military

Goldsboro, NC

  • Value: 380th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 37.0
  • Week Length: 362nd
  • Average Hourly Wage: $18.65
  • Wages: 364th

As we turn to our number seven entry on our bottom ten list, we find Goldsboro, North Carolina, to be yet another example of a city and metropolitan area whose economy and employment market is anchored by a military base of some kind. In this case, the Seymour Johnson Air Force Base. While it would be speculative, and indeed, premature, to point an accusatory finger at the presence of military bases as the reason why area workers have workweeks fully three hours longer than average, and average hourly wages more than five dollars less per hour than average, there appears to be some connection. Goldsboro, however, has direct experience of other military risks: in 1961 two hydrogen bombs were accidentally dropped on a village twelve miles from Goldsboro, and miraculously, neither one detonated.
Principal Industries: Military, Agriculture

Jackson, TN

  • Value: 381st
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 36.4
  • Week Length: 348th
  • Average Hourly Wage: $18.31
  • Wages: 378th

While it is still the seventh-largest city in the state of Tennessee, the city of Jackson, located a little more than an hour to the east of Memphis, is no longer the business and transportation hub that it was from the antebellum era until the 1960s. Like many of the cities and metropolitan areas that populate the bottom of our ranking, the Jackson, Tennessee, metropolitan area has an economy dominated by manufacturing, which, in this now union-unfriendly, right-to-work state, results in predominantly low-paying jobs (the area average hourly wage is a mere $18.31), with long days and workweeks averaging four hours longer than the average across all metropolitan areas, nationwide, which were included in the BLS data release.
Principal Industries: Manufacturing

Staunton-Waynesboro, VA

  • Value: 347th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 38.6
  • Week Length: 383rd
  • Average Hourly Wage: $22.19
  • Wages: 259th

The Staunton-Waynesboro, Virginia, metropolitan area, which encompasses the two independent cities of Staunton and Waynesboro, as well as Augusta County, can be found nestled in the Shenandoah Valley, in the western part of the state. With one of two area employers with more than 1,000 employees being the Augusta County Schools, one might expect that the average length of an area worker’s week to be shorter than the 38.6 hour average across workers in all industries. While it might be tempting to ascribe the area’s long working weeks to the fact that the other largest employer is Augusta Health, a major regional hospital, in that case, one would expect average hourly wages to be higher than the $22.19 per hour average that we see in the area. It is possible that the non-negligible number of area residents who brave long commutes to work in the Washington, D.C. area might be a confounding factor.
Principal Industries: Education, Healthcare

Cleveland, TN

  • Value: 355th
  • Average Hours in Workweek: 37.5
  • Week Length: 356th
  • Average Hourly Wage: $21.20
  • Wages: 293rd

Rounding out our list of the cities and metropolitan areas in the U.S. where area employees work the most and receive the least, is the Eastern Tennessee city of Cleveland. In terms of cultural geography, Cleveland, Tennessee, is located where the Bible Belt and Appalachia overlap, and in terms of its economy, it is a major industrial and manufacturing center—one of the five largest in the state—that is also home to the corporate headquarters of hundreds of manufacturers and more than a handful of nationally prominent firms. In this light, the longer than average hours in a typical workweek here are not surprising, as such. What is surprising is that prevailing wages in the area are so low, at $2.61 per hour below the national average, while Cleveland is at the same time home to so much production and wealth. Or is it surprising, after all?
Principal Industries: Manufacturing

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To obtain the overall score used to rank each of the 387 metropolitan areas for which data was available, we first ranked each metropolitan area for the average length of a typical area worker’s workweek in hours and the relative value of each hour spent working (average wage divided by average number of hours worked). We took the arithmetical mean of these two and ranked cities and metropolitan areas according to this composite score in descending order, reflecting workweek length and earning power per hour.


State and Metro Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings Data Set, Bureau of Labor Statistics (Table D-6)